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Is Madagascar Safe to Visit in 2023? | Safety Concerns

Is Madagascar Safe to Visit in 2023? | Safety Concerns

Madagascar is one of the most unique places in the world. This massive island off the Southeast coast of Africa is home to amazingly diverse wildlife and geographic features. It’s a great destination for nature lovers! 

This island’s incredible beauty and unique features capture the imagination of many travelers. However, it’s a developing country and there have been several instances of political upheaval. The economy isn’t in great shape.

Due to these concerns, many travelers wonder, “Is Madagascar safe to visit?” 

If you’re considering a trip to Madagascar, keep reading. We’ll discuss the main safety concerns you could encounter on your journey and tips to help you keep yourself safe and enjoy a wonderful vacation.

Is Madagascar Safe to Visit?

Masoala National Park view of river near the jungle for a piece on Is Madagascar Safe

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Overall, Madagascar is somewhat safe for travelers. The biggest concerns when visiting Madagascar are crime, including armed robbery and pickpocketing. There is also a relatively high risk of natural disasters and scams.

In addition to these factors, several dangerous animals live on the island. The climate can also be unstable depending on where you’re traveling and what excursions you plan.

However, there’s no need to let the potential risks of traveling to Madagascar stop you from exploring this incredible island. With some common sense and awareness, you can travel to Madagascar safely and have a wonderful time.

Crime in Madagascar

Crime is the most significant safety concern for travelers to Madagascar. Petty crime is relatively common, including pickpocketing, credit card fraud, and scams.

Violent and armed robbery is also a risk, particularly in cities like Antananarivo, Nosy Be, and Diego Suarez. Being alert and aware of your surroundings is essential when traveling in Madagascar. Never carry large amounts of cash or leave your belongings unattended.

Keep your valuables in a safe location and always travel with a companion when possible. Pickpocketing is a common occurrence in Madagascar. The best way to prevent this is to carry your money in a money pouch or belt.

This small pouch worn around the waist or under clothing makes it difficult for thieves to access your valuables. Since the risk of scams is high here, there are a few steps you can take to minimize the risk.

Be wary of strangers trying to start a conversation, particularly in tourist areas. Do not trust people claiming to offer help with money exchange or lost luggage, and never accept food or drinks from strangers.

Avoiding Bad Neighborhoods

View of the hillside Fianarantsoa old town on a cloudy day for a piece on Is Madagascar Safe

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The best way to avoid being a victim of a crime is to steer clear of some bad neighborhoods in Madagascar. These areas can be dangerous if you get lost with increased risk of crime. Some of the most popular destinations in the country are among these neighborhoods.

For example, Toamasina is a beautiful city on the east coast of Madagascar but is known for its confusing and poorly marked streets. Armed robbery and violent crime may be elevated risks in places like Antananarivo, Nosy Be, and Diego Suarez.

The districts of Toliara and Fianarantsoa are also known for having a high concentration of thieves. If you are visiting one of these large areas, it is best to stick to the popular tourist areas and avoid wandering off alone.

If you are traveling to a new area, always consult with a local guide or taxi service to ensure you are in a safe location. If you are unsure about a neighborhood, you want to visit, check online message boards, speak with a local, or ask your accommodation host.

Getting a Visa to Travel to Madagascar

Most nationalities don’t need a visa when entering Madagascar if visiting the island for less than 15 days. However, all visitors will need to pay an administrative fee upon arrival.

If you plan on staying longer, you can easily purchase a 30 or 60-day single-entry tourist visa upon arrival in the country. You can pay for these visas with either USD, Euros, or the Malagasy Ariary.

However, some nationalities need to apply for a visa in advance. If you are unsure if you can enter the country without a visa, check the most up-to-date information on the Malagasy Ministry of Foreign Affairs official website.

Natural Disasters in Madagascar

View of low clouds over Ambalavao in Haute Matsiatra region for a piece asking Is Madagascar Safe to Visit


Another safety concern is the risk of natural disasters on the island. Madagascar is known for experiencing destructive cyclones and is prone to flooding, landslides, and earthquakes.

There is little you can do about the risk of earthquakes. They can strike without warning and there’s no practical way of predicting them.

The rainy season is between November and March, which is generally the highest risk for tropical cyclones and severe storms. During this time of the year, it’s safest to stay away from the island’s east coast, where most cyclones make landfall.

You should also avoid going out in the bush and more remote parts of Madagascar during the rainy season. This is when there is the highest risk of flooding and landslides. You should do your best to self-rescue if caught in a natural disaster while in Madagascar.

Due to recent economic problems, the Madgascarian government is not particularly strong and does not have the resources to implement widespread and effective disaster relief. For this reason, it is best to avoid getting caught in a disaster in the first place.

Transportation in Madagascar

When traveling in Madagascar, you must research your route in advance. The roads aren’t well maintained here and transportation can become an issue, particularly after bad weather. 

Be sure to check the availability of local public transportation before departing and reserve your seat ahead of time if possible.

You should also ensure you have a fully charged phone to call for help or assistance in an emergency. Consider renting a car if you plan to travel extensively throughout the country.

The roads in Madagascar can be challenging to navigate and are not well-marked. It is also important to note that driving is on the left-hand side of the road here. You should exercise extreme caution and adhere to all local traffic laws.

Cellular Phone Service in Madagascar

View looking up at ruffed lemur in canopy at Andasibe-Mantadia National Park for a piece on Is Madagascar Safe


If you’re visiting Madagascar, investing in a local SIM card to access cellular phone service is a good idea. Cellular phone service is not always reliable in Madagascar, especially in the more remote areas. 

If you experience any service interruptions, it is best to have a satellite phone or someone else’s mobile number to contact you. You’ll have decent 3G/4G service throughout much of the country, so you should be able to find a Wi-Fi hotspot if needed.

Local SIM cards are affordable and are available at the airport and in stores all over Madagascar. The only requirement is that your phone is unlocked for different carriers. 

Health and Disease Concerns in Madagascar

Before traveling to Madagascar, you should learn about potential health and disease risks in the country. The healthcare system is not as developed as in many other countries. You should take the necessary precautions to protect yourself.

The main health risks in Madagascar are malaria and yellow fever. However, there is a high risk of dengue fever and leptospirosis, so you must come prepared.

Take anti-malarial medications and get vaccinated against yellow fever, as these diseases can be severe. You should also take steps to prevent mosquito bites, including using insect repellent and covering up exposed skin.

In addition to vaccines and medications, you should only drink bottled water and avoid raw food. Get any necessary medications before you travel, as the healthcare system is not well-equipped to deal with any significant health complications.

Dangerous and Poisonous Animals in Madagascar

Madagascar crocodile hissing near the water in Vakona Private Reserve for a piece on Is Madagascar Safe


Madagascar is home to a wide variety of dangerous and poisonous animals, including snakes, crocodiles, scorpions, spiders, and centipedes. It is essential to be aware of your surroundings and exercise caution when in the wilderness.

If you are bitten or stung by a poisonous animal, you must seek medical attention immediately. Remember as many details of the insect or snake that bit you so the clinic can give you the appropriate anti-venom.

Call for help or immediately go to the nearest hospital. Never touch any other unfamiliar or potentially poisonous animals while you’re here! You could accidentally get an infection or contract a disease.

In addition to poisonous insects and snakes, Madagascar also has Nile crocodiles. These vicious creatures can grow up to four meters in length and kill a person easily. Avoid visiting rivers and areas where crocodiles are known to live.

Weather in Madagascar

When traveling in Madagascar, keep an eye on the weather forecast. While the weather is generally on the warmer side of mild, there is always a risk of sudden and severe storms.

Madagascar has a rainy season from November to April when it’s much hotter with lots of precipitation. The cooler dry season runs from May to October.

Madagascar’s coolest month is July, when lows reach into the 50s (Fahrenheit) and highs are in the 70s. The hottest month is typically December, but temperatures are still mild with highs in the mid-80s and lows in the low 60s. 

Bad weather is unlikely to disrupt your trip, but it’s essential to pack clothing appropriate for warm and cool weather. Be aware of potential road issues during the rainy season especially. 

Frequently Asked Questions

View of the Avenue of the Baobobs in Madagascar following a dirt road on a nice day near sunset

Vaclav Sebek/Shutterstock

Still not sure how safe Madagascar is to visit? You can learn a lot more about Madagascar and how safe it is to visit by reading through the most frequently asked questions below. 

Is Madagascar worth visiting?

Yes, Madagascar is a beautiful island with some fantastic landscapes and is home to diverse natural ecosystems. It is also home to fascinating cultures and an excellent outdoor adventure destination.

Is crime high in Madagascar?

Crime is relatively high in Madagascar due to poor economic situations and a lack of opportunities for locals. Additionally, the wealth disparity between tourists and locals is massive, which encourages crimes of opportunity.

Is Madagascar safe for solo female travelers?

Madagascar isn't particularly safe for solo female travelers. The country is relatively conservative, but crime rates are high and it's best to travel in pairs or groups.

Take the same safety precautions you would in any other destination and avoid traveling alone at night or in remote areas.

Is Madagascar safe for American tourists?

Yes, Madagascar can be safe for American tourists. There are no reported cases of crime or violent acts targeted directly at American tourists. However, you should always be aware of your surroundings and follow local authorities' safety instructions.

Is Madagascar a safe place to live?

It's somewhat safe to live in Madagascar, though some challenges are associated with living there. Crime is high, and the local economy is struggling, especially in urban areas.

So, Is Madagascar Safe to Visit?

Overall, it is somewhat safe to travel to Madagascar as long as you take the necessary precautions and follow local laws and safety recommendations. You should always exercise caution when traveling to any unfamiliar destination.

The wealth disparity between tourists and the local population is high, so crimes of opportunity aren’t uncommon. Protecting your valuables, carrying little cash, and avoiding displays of wealth can help keep you safe here. 

The wildlife can be just as dangerous, so take care in the more remote areas and don’t touch or get close to animals or insects. Disease is another concern, so get the needed vaccinations before traveling and protect yourself from mosquitoes and water-borne illness. 

Madagascar may not be the safest country in the world, but you can safely visit with the right preparations and awareness of potential dangers you could face.

For incredible views, diverse wildlife, and bustling cities with a vibrant culture, you may find it’s more than worth it to visit!